Independent Kenya's first system of education was introduced by British colonists. After Kenya's independence on December 12, 1963, an authority named Ominde Commission was formed to introduce changes that would reflect the nation's sovereignty.
Kenya has numerous wildlife reserves, containing thousands of animal species, and Kenya is a diverse country, with many different cultures represented.
Notable cultures include the Swahili on the coast, pastoralist communities in the north, and several different communities in the central and western regions. Today, the Maasai culture is well known, given its heavy exposure from tourism, however, Maasai make up a relatively minor percentage of the Kenyan population. The Maasai are known for their elaborate upper body adornment and jewelry.
Early in 2006 Chinese President Hu Jintao signed an oil exploration contract with Kenya; the latest in a series of deals designed to keep Africa's natural resources flowing to China's rapidly expanding economy.
The deal allowed for China's state-controlled offshore oil and gas company, CNOOC Ltd, to prospect for oil in Kenya, which is just beginning to drill its first exploratory wells on the borders of Sudan and Somalia and in coastal waters. No oil has been discovered yet, and there has been no formal estimate of the possible reserves.
Natural Gas Discovery
In the first quarter of 2010, China's CNOOC discovered unconfirmed but significant quantities of Natural Gas in North Eastern Kenya. An ongoing assessment will determine whether the gas quantities are commercially viable before a formal announcement is made. The gas discovery has raised hopes for that it is only a matter of time before Oil is discovered.